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California Department of Education, Special Education Division’s special project, California Services for Technical Assistance and Training (CalSTAT) is funded through a contract with the Napa County Office of Education. CalSTAT is partially funded from federal funds, State Grants #H027A080116A. Additional federal funds are provided from a federal competitively awarded State Personnel Development Grant to California (#H323A070011) provided from the U.S. Department of Education Part D of the Individuals with Disabilities Education act (IDEA). Opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the position of the U. S. Department of Education.
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) describe what all students are expected to learn in each grade (kindergarten through grade twelve). Forty-five states have adopted these standards. This creates consistency in instruction, which makes it easier for students to move to different states and still do well in school. Academic standards are not new in California. The CCSS simply improve the previous standards. They focus on the skills students need to succeed as life-long learners in the twenty-first century workplace.
The goal of the CCSS is to make sure that all students are prepared for college, technical education, or the workplace as well as for independent living and a quality life after high school.
All of the CCSS are at http://www.corestandards.org/. Here you'll also find helpful resources.
Academic goals in an
Program (IEP) must be aligned
to grade-level standards. This ensures that students with
disabilities receive grade-level
curriculum and instruction. When you know about the standards, you can better
advocate for your child. You
are in a better position to know whether teachers are holding your child to the same high level of expectations that they maintain for general education students. Knowing about the standards also makes it easier for you to ask questions about where your child's learning will occur—his or her "placement."
Functional goals do not have to be aligned to a CCSS. These goals focus on behavior, social-emotional challenges, and functional skills. They are still an important part of an IEP, and they support academic access and achievement. But only academic goals must be aligned to the CCSS.
Even if your child is performing below or even far below grade level, he or she should still be learning grade-level content. Your child should receive instruction that includes accommodations, modifications, assistive technology, and supports that allow him or her to participate with peers and make it possible to close the learning gap.
There will be new assessments for the new standards. An IEP must include all appropriate accommodations for both classroom learning and for these assessments. This way, a child will use the accommodations in his or her daily academic program and be prepared to use the accommodations in testing. The CDE Web site offers a list of approved accommodations; go to http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ai/caasppmatrix1.asp. For a more detailed exploration of accommodations, you'll want to go to http://www.smarterbalanced.org/wordpress/wp-content/up loads/2013/09/SmarterBal anced_Guidelines_091113.pdf. While these lists include the most common accommodations, they do not include all of the possible accommodations that a student may need. Any accommodation that a student legitimately needs must be included in his or her IEP.
All students must be given a chance to practice and get used to the technology they will be using when they are tested. If your child needs practice, you can address this need in an IEP meeting. Skill in using technology is an important part of your child's academic program, and developing that skill can be an important goal.
Each student with significant cognitive disabilities should be taught and tested in ways that align to CCSS grade-level standards, even if the student does not receive instruction in a general education classroom. The curriculum for these students may be significantly modified, but it still must be aligned to grade-level standards.
Parents will find additional resources and supports at http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/ under the "Parents and Students" tab.
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are for all students in kindergarten through twelfth grade in public education, which includes students with disabilities.
The CCSS are the guidelines that all teachers and schools will follow to make sure you are taught what you need to know in each grade. All students who attend public schools are supposed to be taught their grade-level standards. Learning the standards will help you prepare for college, jobs, and life.
You can find all of the CCSS at http://www.corestandards.org/. At this Web site, you can select your grade level to see what you should be learning. This site also has many resources to help you learn about and understand the standards.
Knowing what you are supposed to be learning in each grade can make it easier for you to ask questions about how you are
meeting your goals, where your learning will happen, and what
kind of extra help you might need.
Your IEP has goals that focus on your special learning needs. Each of the academic goals should be based on a Common Core grade-level standard.
You also may have goals in your IEP that are not academic goals. These might be goals that
address how you deal with and express your feelings. Nonacademic goals are an important part of your IEP. They support your ability to learn in school. But only academic goals—such those for English and math—need to align to a CCSS.
It is always OK—and sometimes very important—to tell your teachers that you have a disability. You also want to tell your teachers that your IEP lists the accommodations, modifications, or assistive technology you need in order to be successful in their classes. If you are afraid or embarrassed to talk to a teacher about this, speak to one of the members of your IEP team or a family member. Ask for help in talking with the teacher to explain the supports you need.
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) were created to meet the needs of all students, regardless of ability or disability. To lay the foundation for all students to become college, career, and/or community ready, teachers will need to align academic goals in the Individualized Education Program (IEP) to the CCSS and create behavioral, communicative, functional, social/emotional, and transition goals that support the academic goals. IEP team will continue to provide adaptations and supports for each student, shaping them within the
context of the new standards.
Teachers of students with disabilities face real challenges when building lesson plans. For students to realize success at grade level, teachers still must give them as much of the general education curriculum as possible. Collaboration with general education teachers is essential to helping students succeed. The good news is that teaching to the new standards will bring more in-depth instruction and more practical lessons applicable to life outside of school. One way to build a lesson plan based on the CCSS, regardless of a student's current level of achievement, is to look at the principles of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) as the instructional design, especially for a diverse range of learners. The principles of UDL involve
Most students with disabilities will be taking the Smarter Balanced assessments. The current Smarter Balanced field test will help test designers refine the content and delivery of the assessments to students, including students with visual, auditory, linguistic, or physical needs. These summative assessments align directly to the new standards and will be accompanied by a Digital Library of Formative Tools and Practices, which will offer numerous helpful resources, including formative assessments.
In 2013–14, most students with significant cognitive disabilities will take the California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA). However, California is also participating in the National Center and State Collaborative (NCSC) Phase I Pilot/Field Test in 2013–14. The NCSC is working to build an alternate assessment for students with significant cognitive disabilities, based on alternate achievement standards aligned to the CCSS. The goal of the NCSC is to ensure that students with significant cognitive disabilities achieve
increasingly higher academic outcomes and leave high school ready for postsecondary options. The NCSC supports teachers by providing quality resources that will help them design instruction that is grounded in the CCSS and deliver that instruction to students with significant cognitive disabilities.
When parents and family members understand—and are committed to—the CCSS, their child will have a better chance of succeeding in school. Be sure parents know that the CCSS mean that their child will learn subject matter in greater detail and depth. And engage parents in learning about the CCSS so that they have the opportunity to assist their children in truly understanding what is being taught.
Learn the Common Core
Create CCSS-based IEPs
Modify Curriculum and Instruction
Align Lesson Plans
Know the New Assessments
[select "Alternate Assessment" tab]
Learn About Accommodations
Implementing the California Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for students with disabilities will require changes in organization and attitude as well as in curriculum and instruction. "Ten Steps for Migrating Your Curriculum to the Common Core" explores key questions you'll want to ask when making these changes, such as:
For the full paper, go to http://www.achieve3000.com/resources/white-papers.
Professional development related to the CCSS should include both general and special education teachers. The National Education Association Common Core State Standards Toolkit examines six critical areas for understanding and preparing to implement the CCSS, including a section devoted entirely to students with disabilities: http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/14047CommonCore_Toolkit_14.pdf. You'll also want to explore California Department of Education (CDE) resources at http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/.
Students succeed when their parents and family members support and assist them in their learning. The CDE Web site features resources to help administrators directly engage parents in appropriate aspects of the new standards: http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/ (select the "Parents and Students" tab). The Achieve the Core Web site provides additional resources to share with parents: http://www.achievethecore.org/common-core-intro-for-parents.
Academic goals in the Individualized Education Program (IEP) will need to align to the CCSS; and behavioral, communicative, functional, social/emotional, and transition goals should support academic goals. To meet the needs of all learners and to address the rigor and challenges of the CCSS, IEP teams should thoughtfully consider the tasks required by each standard and provide adaptations and support for each student. For information on aligning the IEP to the CCSS, see http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/.
A multitiered system of supports (MTSS) coordinates interventions, supports, and opportunities to improve access and achievement for all students. Grounded in quality general education instruction, MTSS is designed to help students with disabilities succeed in the least restrictive environment.
While the CCSS articulates the "what" in teaching, MTSS provides a framework for "how" and "when" to provide it. The professional development modules on the Brokers of Expertise Web site will guide you and your staff in developing an MTSS: http://www.myboe.org/portal/default/Content/Viewer/Content?action=2&scId=509627.
As the CCSS are introduced and taught, the majority of students in California, including most students with Individualized Education Programs (IEPs), will take Smarter Balanced assessments. These summative assessments were created to align directly to the new standards and will be accompanied by a Digital Library of Formative Tools and Practices. The library will offer numerous educational tools and resources, including formative assessments. For more about the Smarter Balanced tests, go to http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/sa/index.asp.
Also see http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/ (select the "General Education" tab). For a detailed account of the accommodations available in the new assessments, go to http://www.cde.ca.gov/ta/tg/ai/caasppmatrix1.asp.
In 2013–14, most students with significant cognitive disabilities will take the California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA). However, California is also participating in the National Center and State Collaborative (NCSC) Phase I Pilot/Field Test in 2013–2014. The NCSC is an alternate assessment aligned with the CCSS and created for students with significant cognitive disabilities. For more details, visit http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/se/cc/ (select the "Alternate Assessment" tab). Guidance for IEP teams on participation decisions for the NCSC alternate assessment is available at http://www.ncscpartners.org/resources.
California Services for Technical
Assistance and Training (CalSTAT)
A Special Project of the Napa County Office of Education| 5789 State Farm Drive, Rohnert Park, CA 94928
Fax: 707-586-2735 | email:firstname.lastname@example.org